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Electrical Contractors

What are Electric Fuses and Circuit Breakers

Summary:

– Role of a fuse

– Fuse types

– What to do when a fuse “blows”?

– Disadvantage of fuses

– Fuse prices

– 3 types of circuit breakers:

– General circuit breaker
– Subdivisional circuit breaker
– Earth leakage circuit breaker

– Price of a circuit breaker

Nowadays, fuses are being replaced in favor of circuit breakers, but the functionality of the fuses are still relevant.

Role of a fuse

A fuse is a safety device that protects against short circuits and overloads. The fuse is in the form of a cylinder, made of glass or ceramic, with a filament passing through its core.

This filament melts (hence the name fuse, which means “can melt”) when subjected to excessive heat caused by an over current. This has the effect of breaking the circuit and protecting the equipment against possible damage or fire hazards.

Types of fuses

Fuses are found in older electrical installations, where they can be 10 A, 16 A or 2 A or 32 A (A stands for amperage).

A 10 A fuse is sufficient for lighting, but for a hotplate, oven or three-phase socket, higher amperage (16 or 32 A) is required.

What to do when a fuse “blows”?

When a fuse blows, it is important to identify what caused the circuit to be broken and to repair or replace a faulty appliance if necessary.

When the blown fuse has been identified, the power must be cut off by placing the circuit breaker in the off position, change the fuse and then turn the power back on.

Good to know: When you buy your fuse, always choose fuses that have a light that comes on to indicate that they have blown.

Disadvantage of fuses

A fuse is only used once and must be changed if it has “blown”. This is why circuit breakers (see below) are increasingly being used. They have the advantage that they can be reset at will.

Fuse prices

The price of fuses varies according to their amperage. Count:

– between $3 and $5 approximately for a box of 10 fuses of 10 A or 16 A;

– between $5 and $7 for a box of 10 fuses of 32A.

Types of circuit breakers

There are 3 types of circuit breaker:

– the general or branch circuit breaker;

– the divisional circuit breakers;

– earth leakage circuit breakers.

General circuit breaker

The main circuit breaker protects the electrical installation and people. It ensures the emergency shutdown of the entire installation in case of a problem.

It is set according to the subscription (power) chosen by the user. If too many electrical appliances are operating at the same time and exceed the power subscription, it breaks and cuts off the current.

However, this circuit breaker is not sufficient to ensure the protection of your installation, other devices (as seen below) must be installed.

This circuit breaker must be installed inside the housing, in the electrical panel, and must be stamped NF-USE.

Subdivisional circuit breaker

Subdivisional circuit breakers ensure the protection of the various electrical circuits of your installation.

In the event of a problem, it breaks the circuit responsible for the overload or short circuit.

Its handle is lowered so that you can see which circuit is involved. Once the problem has been solved, for example after disconnecting the electrical appliance causing the problem, simply raise the lever to restore power.

Earth leakage circuit breaker

It is a highly sensitive differential circuit breakers (30 mA) that protect circuits from overloads and short circuits, but also protect people from the risk of electric shock.

The sensitivity corresponds to the tripping (i.e. breaking) threshold in the event of a current leakage.

For domestic installations, a high sensitivity of 30 mA or less is required.

Price of a circuit breaker

Count between $3 and $75 (depending on the model) for a phase + neutral circuit breaker composed of a single module.

Caution!

Replacing fuses or circuit breakers may not always be a simple task for many DIY enthusiasts. A simple misplacement could cause irreversible damage not only to your home electrical circuit but also to all your domestic appliances. This can result in further dangerous situation for people in the house. The best solution if you need to repair your electrical installation is to call on professionals who know what they are doing. Don’t risk your life and that of your loved ones!

If you wish, you can contact Blue Diamond Electric for all your electrical needs from the replacement of blown fuses to the installation of circuit breakers. They are electrical installation specialists operating in Suffolk County. They will be able to give you a quote for anything from Emergency Electrician, Landscape lighting, Electrical Wiring, Home audio installation, Exhaust Fan Installation, and Electrical upgrades.

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